“Sexual violence” can involve sexual harassment, inappropriate sexual behavior, and sexual assault.(n) “Stalking” means willfully and repeatedly following or harassing another person or making a threat with the intent to place that person in fear for his or her safety, or the safety of his or her family.(o) “Teen dating violence” means a pattern of behavior where a person uses threats of physical abuse or actual physical abuse, sexual abuse, verbal abuse, or emotional abuse to control his or her current or former dating partner and one or both of the partners is a teenager.“Teen dating violence” can include verbal abuse, written materials, use of weapons, the destruction of property, stalking, Internet abuse or cyber bullying, and other forms of intimidation.The notice shall do all of the following:(2) Advise the parent or guardian whether the teen dating violence prevention education will be taught by school district personnel or by outside consultants.A school district may provide teen dating violence prevention education, to be taught by outside consultants, and may hold an assembly to deliver teen dating violence prevention education by guest speakers, but if it elects to provide teen dating violence prevention education in either of these manners, the notice shall include the date of the instruction, the name of the organization or affiliation of each guest speaker, and information stating the right of the parent or guardian to request a copy of this section.(5) Upon written request to the school principal, a parent or legal guardian of a pupil less than 18 years of age, within a reasonable period of time after the request is made, shall be permitted to examine the teen dating violence education program instructional materials at the school in which his or her child is enrolled.(b) Notwithstanding Section 51513, anonymous, voluntary, and confidential research and evaluation tools to measure pupils’ health behaviors and risks, including questionnaires and surveys containing age-appropriate questions about the pupil’s attitudes concerning teen dating violence, may be administered to any pupil in grades 7 to 12, inclusive, if the parent or guardian is notified in writing that this questionnaire or survey is to be administered and the pupil’s parent or guardian is given the opportunity to review the questionnaire or survey and to request in writing that his or her child not participate.(d) A pupil may not attend any class in teen dating violence prevention education, or participate in any anonymous, voluntary, and confidential questionnaire or survey on pupil health behaviors and risks, if the school has received a written request from the pupil’s parent or guardian excusing the pupil from participation.(e) A pupil may not be subject to disciplinary action, academic penalty, or other sanction if the pupil’s parent or guardian declines to permit the pupil to receive teen dating violence prevention education or to participate in anonymous, voluntary, and confidential questionnaires or surveys on pupil health behaviors and risks.(f) During the administration of teen dating violence prevention education or an anonymous, voluntary, and confidential questionnaire or survey on pupil health behaviors and risks, an alternative educational activity shall be made available to pupils whose parents or guardians have requested that they not receive the instruction or participate in the questionnaire or survey.(b) The state board shall consult with the State Department of Public Health, the Attorney General, and domestic violence and sexual assault prevention advocates for advice on the development of grade-level concepts and content guidelines to be incorporated into the sexual health and health education program currently taught at secondary schools to pupils in any of grades 7 to 12, inclusive.Several different words are used to describe teen dating violence. Dating violence is widespread with serious long-term and short-term effects. Unhealthy, abusive, or violent relationships can have severe consequences and short- and long-term negative effects on a developing teen.Many teens do not report it because they are afraid to tell friends and family. Youth who experience dating violence are more likely to experience the following: Additionally, youth who are victims of dating violence in high school are at higher risk for victimization during college.The bill would specify the required content and criteria for this additional instruction and any associated materials if a school district elects to provide it.
The 2013 national Youth Risk Behavior Survey found approximately 10% of high school students reported physical victimization and 10% reported sexual victimization from a dating partner in the 12 months* before they were surveyed. Teens receive messages about how to behave in relationships from peers, adults in their lives, and the media. Risks of having unhealthy relationships increase for teens who: Dating violence can be prevented when teens, families, organizations, and communities work together to implement effective prevention strategies.
Being located in schools, school-based health centers (SBHCs) are in close proximity to teens’ social environment and have a unique ability to assess adolescents for dating violence and reproductive coercion.
SBHCs can also provide counseling support or referrals to address these issues, in addition to promoting respectful relationships through both clinical and classroom education.
This bill would authorize a school district to provide teen dating violence prevention education consisting of age-appropriate instruction, as developed by the state board pursuant to the bill, as part of the sexual health and health education program it provides to pupils in grades 7 to 12, inclusive.
The bill would authorize a school district to use school district personnel or outside consultants who are trained in the appropriate courses to provide this additional instruction.